The aim of the case studies is to provide an in-depth analysis of specific programmes, and to highlight transferable approaches. We selected programmes for case studies in order to have a balance of various types of CCT programmes, and also to have a more or less balanced regional coverage. We only considered government run programmes that are nationally (or regionally) rolled out, so experimental programmes and NGO run programmes were not reviewed here. The following programmes were selected for in-depth study: Kindergarten Allowance (Hungary), Education Maintenance Allowance (UK), the School Allowance student support programme (Belgium), Child Allowance (Bulgaria) and the social risk mitigation project (Turkey).