Publications of Karlson, N.

Duman A. Impact of Trade Unions on Wage Inequality in Turkey. In: Karlson N, Lindberg H, editors. Labour Markets at a Crossroads. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing; 2012. p. 181-204.

Impact of Trade Unions on Wage Inequality in Turkey

This paper systematically evaluates patterns of change in socio-economic models in Hungary and Slovakia, highlighting the role of state in the process. While the cases share general similarities in their type of capitalism, a closer overview of institutional domains reveals that important differences exist in critical junctures, character of change and the role of key actors. In terms of the overall reform paths, Slovakian path especially since the late 1990s stands out to be more coherent and is overwhelmingly in a liberal direction, while Hungarian reforms appear less radical and encompass liberal elements but active state involvement in most institutional domains as well. The key difference in industrial policy that we select as exemplary institutional domain is that Hungary adopted a more comprehensive and vertical industrial support geared towards upgrading and introduced relatively early schemes aimed at the development of domestic SME sector. The Slovakian state was initially more subject to pressures from the local business groups and only after the turning point in 1998 adopted foreigners-favored approach and developed its industry more through regulation than a direct intervention, neglecting any attempt to nurture domestic bourgeoisie.

Union Wage Premium and the Impact of Unions on Wage Inequality in Turkey

The European labour market models are at a crossroads. Almost all Western European countries have experienced a lack of job creation, productivity and growth for an extended period of time. There is a problem of unemployment overall, but most urgently for the young, for immigrants and for the disabled. There is a clear need for reform. This volume, Labour Markets at a Crossroads: Causes of Change, Challenges and Need to Reform, investigates a number of vital aspects of the European labour markets and the challenges they face. The chapters give new perspectives on how the different labour market models in Europe work, and what consequences they have. The contributing authors are academic scholars in economics, political science, sociology and economic history from a variety of European countries. The book is structured around three main themes: Flexicurity and Labour Market Dynamics Trade Unions and Industrial Action Wages and Bargaining A central conclusion made by the editors is that one of the main causes of the shortcomings of the European labour markets is the existence of what they call “corporative cartels.” Moreover, there are clear options for policy choice, both for legislators and the social partners themselves.